Dementia is a gradual and progressive decline in cognitive function severe enough to impair a person’s ability to carry out their daily activities. It is an organic brain syndrome characterized by less of intellectual ability. Although many definitions of dementia exist, most include impairment of cognition, social and occupational functioning and performance in activities of daily living.
ICD-10 defines dementia as a syndrome due to disease of the brain usually of chronic or progressive in nature. In which, there is disturbances of multiple higher cortical functions including memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculating, learning capacity, language and judgment and consciousness is not douded. Occasionally deterioration in emotional control social behaviour or motivation also seen.
Dementia is characterized by multiple cognitive defects that include impairment in memory without impairment of consciousness.
The cognitive functions that can be affected in dementia include general intelligence, learning, memory, language, problem solving, orientation, perception,attention,concentration,judgement and social abilities. Dementia can be considered as a global impairment of intelligence, memory and personality in clear consciousness. It can occur in any age but become more frequent with age,with a prevalence of 5%-10% in the over 65s and 20% in the over 80s. It is seen more frequently in women, due to their increased longevity living.
The disorder may be progressive or static, permanent or reversible. An underlying cause is always assumed, although in rare cases it is impossible to determine a specific cost. The potential reversibility of dementia is a related to the underlying pathological condition and to the availability and application of effective treatment. Approximately 15 percent of people of the dementia have reversible illness if treatment is initiated before irreversible damage take place:
Geriatric Unit – Services we provide
1. Muscle Relaxation and breathing Exercises: To warm up the body and
•Help them to take comfortable position suitable for the exercise.
•Proceed with simple stretching and moving body exercises.
•Relaxation with simple breathing exercises.
2. Therapeutic Community Meeting:
•Starting with the prayer.
•Reflection on their previous day till now.
•Daily routine sharing.
•Planning for today.
•Enquiring about their well being and provide them with all support and
feeling of security.
3. Reminiscence Therapy:
•To provide them with an opportunity for sharing and remembering their
past memories and enjoying themselves.
•Activities shall be focused on above mentioned-objective.
•All norms of a group therapy process are applicable.
4. Art Therapy:
•Use of Arts like drawing/singing/acting/story telling etc with specific
•Make them feel worth, loved and positive.
5. Music Therapy:
• Opportunity to listen to Bhajans, old Hindi songs, soothing melodious
music (instrumental/vocal), playing of instruments like drums, harmonium
etc. to make them feel a pleasant and happy mood.
6. Community Meeting:
• Assigning simple responsibilities for those who have the capacity/ability to
carry out the same and evaluation of their performances.